- Risk Assets Scream Ahead. Risk assets took off for the month of June, with almost all major indices ending well into the green and locking in a healthy first half of the year return.
- Cooling Inflation Data. Inflation, as measured by the Fed’s preferred data point of PCE Deflator, continued to show signs that inflation is increasing at a slower rate, i.e., disinflation. Despite this positive sign on the battlefront for taming inflation, Fed speak took on a hawkish team after the June FOMC meeting.
- Dollar Loses Steam. The greenback spent the majority of the month in a steady state of decline as market participants initially priced in a pause, if not all out stop, to interest rate hikes. After the Fed’s hawkish tone post the FOMC meeting, the dollar regained some ground from its low point but ended the month lower than the start of the month.
- Labor Markets, Economic Production, and Personal Spending. The Unemployment Rate ticked up to 3.7% for the June reading, and GDP for the first quarter was revised sharply higher, but signs of stress are lingering with Consumer Spending showing signs of softening.
Asset Class Performance
June turned out to be a stellar month for risk assets with domestic and international markets locking in a healthy return for not only the month but also the first half of the year as market participants began to price in a higher probability of a soft landing on the back of several positive economic data readings.
Markets & Macroeconomics
Inflation continued to show signs of softening as the June reading of PCE Core Deflator, the Fed’s preferred metric for measuring inflation, came in softer than expectations of +4.7%, landing at +4.6%. Compared to 06/30/2022 when PCE reached its recent maximum level of +7.0% on the year-overyear metric, progress has certainly been made on battling entrenched inflation. While this progress is encouraging, the war is far from over with the Fed maintaining that it will tighten monetary policy until its long-term target of +2.0% is reached. The process of getting inflation from +7.0% to 4.0%, which it appears to be trending in that direction, will be one battle, but many market participants believe that the road from +4.0% down to +2.0% will be very different. Time will tell what actions the Fed will take to achieve this acceptable level of inflation, but just as important, if not more so, are the downstream effects these methods will have on the economy. As illustrated in the chart above, the Fed’s rapid increase in policy rate has begun to impact the US consumer. Personal Consumption Expenditures have been steadily increasing at a declining pace since the start of the year. Additionally, on an inflation-adjusted basis, Personal Consumption has effectively been flat since the first month of the year, with the exception of April where there was a healthy bump up. Market participants have long speculated that the consumer could be the key to a soft landing, i.e., no economic recession. If the consumer accelerates their cut back in expenditures in the coming months, this could lead to a harder landing than what the Fed has been shooting for. Additionally, Chairman Powell’s tone after the Fed’s meeting in June took on a hawkish tone with the Chairman stating that additional rate hikes could be coming later this year.
Bottom Line: Inflation, as measured by the PCE Core Deflator came in softer than expected at the June data reading. It appears that inflation is increasing at a slower pace, which is what the Fed has been shooting for with their rapid tightening of monetary policy. While inflation has been slowing, it appears that consumers are starting to feel the downstream effects of this tighter monetary policy with Consumer Expenditures also showing signs of increasing at a slower pace and when adjusted for inflation, Personal Consumption has been flat for most of the year. Consumers have long been speculated as the path to a soft landing and their spending behavior will remain top of mind for market participants as the Fed continues to battle inflation back to their targeted level of +2.0%.